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Sunday, October 12, 2014

BUTTERFLY - POEM AND FACTS


PETALS FOR THE WINGS,
SMALL GARDENER LINKS,
THE FLOWERS, GRASSES AND TREES...
SHORT LIFE, BUT ONLY BEAUTY SEES...
NATURE TEACHER AND GUIDE...
ON HIS WORLD SIDE,
ONLY FRAGRANCE AND COLORS,
...NOT EXPERIENCE MANY HORRORS...
BUTTERFLY - A FANCIFUL SPLATTER,
WITH AIRY, DELICATE FLUTTER
ON FLOWER REST...

BUTTERFLY KNOWS THE BEST,
WHAT IS THE FLOWER TASTE.
STEPPED IN CLOUD OF DAISY...
THAN CIRCLE IN MOTION LAZY,
INHALE PROUD, STANDING ROSE
...THEN SWINGS BY MY NOSE...

SPRING 'ARCI' ARCIMBOLDI

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Photo courtesy www.public-domain-image.com
public domain, stock photo

Butterflies and moths are members of the Order LEPIDOPTERA. 
Butterflies and moth are quite similar. with the main differences is that butterflies has long
clubbed antennae and moths do not have them.
Another major difference is that butterflies flies at day time and moth is nocturnal.

Life cycle of butterfly, moth:
1.  egg
2.  caterpillar
3. chrysalis (pupa)
4.  adult (imago) -  reproductive stage

Example of MAJORITY  butterflies and moths food :
  flower nectar, pollen,  rotting fruit, birds droppings,  wooly ephid honeydew, decaying flesh,
dissolved minerals from wet dirt or sand. Some eat harmful insects. butterflies are attracted to sodium.
Adult butterfly consume strictly liquids.

Butterflies respond to ultra violet spectrum, and have well developed vision.
some do make clicking sounds.
Butterflies display polymorphism, that is ability to change appearance depending of 
 geographical, seasonal or sexual aspects.

Insects do form partnership, parasitic relations  with other animals, like ants, protozoans flies,
other invertebrates and vertebrates. 
For example: Caterpillar of butterfly Gossame ( family - Lycaenidae )  attracts  ants protection
by producing sugary secretion, that ants collect.

Some butterflies, especially at caterpillar stage can be a pests, causing lot of damage to plants. Majority of butterflies are not as good pollinators as bees, but they are wonderful to look at. 
On other hand, moths is very good pollinator, especially for nocturnal flowers (that produce strong
fragrance at evening) like Moonlight flower or Night Blooming Jasmine.
But the very big and fast moths called hummingbird moths from family  Sphingidae is exceptionally good pollinator.

Butterflies are characterized by the scale - covered wings, that are pigmented with melamins
( for black and blue ), other colors are produces by microstructure of the scales.

US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE List 20 species of butterflies and moths as endangered
species due to: 
1. collection  for trade
2.  lost of habitat

There are some poisonous butterflies. For example: Monarch, Pipevine Swallowtail. 
Caterpillars of these butterflies, by feeding on poisonous plants, became poisonous as adults.
There are some 'mimics' butterflies, that manage to avoid being eaten by bird, by simulating look
of poisonous butterfly. Female of Common Mormon of India imitates Swallowtails.

MONARCH- FEMALE       (DA NAUS PLEXIPPUS)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Monarch_In_May.jpg


MONARCH MALE        (DANAUS PLEXIPPUS) Monarch Butterfly Danaus plexippus Male 2664px.jpg


IN CHINESE CULTURE TWO BUTTERFLIES FLYING
TOGETHER SYMBOLIZES LOVE. 


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4f/Viceroy_butterfly_basilarchia_archippus_with_black_lines_and_borders_and_small_white_spots.jpg

 Viceroy butterfly basilarchia archippus with black lines and borders and small white spots
( mimicis Monarch  - ?)








Butterflies and moths are existing on all continents with exception of  Antarctica.
Thousands of species that are existing still are not recorded.
In North America (US and Canada) 750 species of butterflies and 11,000 species of moths
have been recorded. 
Often butterfly is refer to as a 'fancy moth'.

Like  in case of all insect, butterflies and moths have heart and brain located in insect THORAX,
and not in the head. They do not have red blood.

The average adult butterfly lives 2 weeks, many less, but it can live up to one year.
However, there was found exception to that - the caterpillar of very small  tropical Yucca moth, that feeds of Banana Yucca, can delay transformation from pupa to adult for up to 30 years     (according to finding of Dr. Jerry Powell from University of California at Berkeley ).

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 Resource  
 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly
 Opler, Paul A., Kelly Lotts, and Thomas Naberhaus. 2011. The Children's Butterfly Site. Butterfly and Moth Information Network. http://www.kidsbutterfly.org/

www.kidsbutterfly.org/faq/general/2
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monarch_In_May.jpg



Photographs
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly

2007-09-04 10:28 HaarFager 3008×2000× (605867 bytes) Photograph of a Monarch Butterfly. Taken by Kenneth Dwain Harrelson on May 29th, 2007.
GNU Free Documantation License, Creative Commons (Monarch female, and Monarch male)

http://www.public-domain-image.com/public-domain-images-pictures-free-stock-photos/fauna-animals-public-domain-images-pictures/insects-and-bugs-public-domain-images-pictures/butterflies-and-moths-pictures/viceroy-butterfly-basilarchia-archippus-with-black-lines-and-borders-and-small-white-spots.jpg
Author Barnes Dr Thomas G, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Permission
(Reusing this file)
This file is in public domain, not copyrighted, no rights reserved, free for any use. You can use this picture for any use including commercial purposes without the prior written permission and without fee or obligation.
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