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Friday, January 30, 2015

FBI/VIOLENT CRIME,STATISTICS,JANUARY-PRESIDENTILIAL PROCLAMATION, HUMAN TRAFFICKING,CHILD EXPLOITATION AND MORE

                                                                             

Crime can be evaluated based upon number of factors, 
not only based on type of the crime, but by gender, race, 
age, income demographic, geographic and so on. 
In general terms residents of urban areas, male, 
minorities, young will be more prone to became a 
victims of violent crime. In looking at the statistics, 
it is good to remember that many serial murders are 
never being found, many other crimes including violent 
is under reported or not reported at all. Lets us look at 
some figures: some good or better than in previous years, 
other bad and even shameful. 
  • Definition of violent crime according to FBI is:
In the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, violent crime is composed 
of four offenses:  murder and non negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and 
aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those 
offenses which involve force or threat of force. 

Since 1930 FBI compiles the report ( UCR ) based upon data obtained from law 
enforcement, therefore reflecting crime reported by police as oppose to latter
adjudication. Reporting is on voluntarily base as " not all states require 
municipalities to report data".( Wikipedia) 


GENERAL INFORMATION:
In USA as figures below indicate over the years there was and is continuous trend to
decline in murders committed in USA (I am displaying only partially statistics for
clarity by regions).

REGIONAL MURDER RATES, 2001 - 2013 in USA
MURDER RATES PER 100,000 PEOPLE

REGION
2013
2001
EXECUTIONS SINCE 1976
(As of 1/28/2015)











South
5.3
6.7
1138











Midwest
4.5
5.3
  172











West
4.0
5.5
    85











Northeast
3.5
4.2
      4










NATIONAL RATE
4.5











(deathpenaltyinfo.org)



 According to FBI  the number of violent 
crimes in the United  States in 2013 
decreased 4.4% by comparison to year 2012
  • with the largest decline (5.9 percent)  in the Midwest,
  •  followed by a decline of 4.3 percent in the Northeast, 
  • 4.1 percent in the West, and 3.9 percent in the South.
  • The estimated number of murders decreased 
  • 7.0 percent in the Northeast, 
  • 4.5 percent in the West, 
  • 4.3 percent in the South, 
  • 3.4 percent in the Midwest.

 HOW DO THE RATES TRANSLATE 
TO NUMBERS!            


According to FBI
In 2013, an estimated 1,163,146 total violent crimes occurred nationwide, 
that is 
an estimated 367.9 violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants.
ALSO OVER THE YEARS  statistics shows the same trend as for the year 2013 that 
the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty in STATES HAVING DEATH PENALTY (4.4) 
was higher then in the STATES WITHOUT THE DEATH PENALTY (3.4). ( deathpenaltyinfo.org )


VIOLENT CRIME IN USA (
FROM FBI - rates per 100,000 inhabitants)

YEAR                                                           1994                  2012                2013
POPULATION                                         260,327,021        313,873,685     316,128.839
VIOLENT CRIME                                      1,857,670           1,217,057          1,163,146
VIOLENT CRIME RATE                                 713.6                387.8                   367.9
MURDER AND
NON NEGLIGENT MANSLAUGTER          23,326              14,856                 14,196                         
MURDER AND 
NON NEGLIGENT MANSLAUGHTER
RATE                                                                        9.0                   4.7                        4.5
RAPE (legacy definition)                                 102,216              85,141                  79,770
RAPE (legacy definition) RATE                            39.3                 27.1                      25.2

As you can see over the years the population growth but the number of violent 
crimes went down. 

  •  FBI tells us that there are justifiable homicide such as for example:
The killing of a felon by a peace officer in the line of duty.
It is on the raise. From 2009 - 414 incidents, to 461 in 2013
  • The killing of a felon, during the commission of a felony, by a private citizen.
MAP No 1
File:Patel Wikipedia Final copy.pdf

Author: Brijesh Patel, University of IllinoisDate of Map Creation: 12-3-2014Projection: Albers Equal AreaSource of Data: Federal Bureau of Investigation  Date of Data: 2011

 


THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF MURDERS!

According to FBI 
Estimated number of murders in the United States: 

  • 43.8 percent were reported in the South,  (the highest)
21.4 percent were reported in the Midwest,21.0 percent were reported in the West,  
  • 13.8 percent were reported in the Northeast (the lowest)
Not only there is general decrease in violent crimes but by comparison 2013 
with 2012 there is decrease in:
  • property crimes, that in 2013  was 8,632,512 (or 2,730.7 per 100,000)  
went down to 4.1%.
  • with burglary down 8.6 %,  larceny-theft  declined 2.7% 
  • and motor vehicle thefts decreased 3.3%
There is a great temptation to look at the crime statistical tables 
and draw conclusion. For example ranking the cities according to 
they crime rates.
Specific data pertaining to individual cities might be misleading 
and should be approached with caution for number of reason. 
One of it is as 
Wikipedia reminds us that criminal statistical results pertaining to cities can vary,
depending for example if the information reported was taken from city jurisdiction
or from metropolitan area.
Also FBI on its statistical pages makes number of disclaimers 
and warnings, expressing themselves against ranking the cities by their crime rates.
Here are two opinions:

"The FBI web site recommends against using its data for ranking because these 
rankings lead to simplistic and/or incomplete analyses that often create misleading 
perceptions adversely affecting cities and counties, along with their residents. 
The FBI web site also recommends against using its data to judge how effective 
law enforcement agencies are, since there are many factors that influence 
crime rates other than law enforcement" (Wikipedia)

American Society of Criminology (ASC), on conference in November 2007 gave 
the following warning:
The resolution states the rankings "represent an irresponsible misuse of the data 
and do groundless harm to many communities" and "work against a key goal of our 
society, which is a better understanding of crime-related issues by both scientists 
and the public". (Wikipedia)
In other words we are warned against jumping to conclusions and 
fast assumptions. Therefore instead of doing evaluation myself I am 
providing below table  (From Wikipedia) 
 of Crime in ten largest metropolitan areas (2011) according to FBI
and cited by Wikipedia:
In metropolitan, specially in economically poor areas  statistically 
crime is  above the national average.

Here is link to Wikipedia (that used FBI info) for more details.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_cities_by_crime_rate


SOME OTHER INFO ABOUT ARREST 
AND CRIME

  • Starting with  Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
signed by

President Bill Clinton on September 16, 1994, more then $30 billion 
in federal aid was designated to be used over a 6 year period to 
assist and improve law enforcement,  prisons and prevention. 

 In 2011: 
  • the male was more then female responsible for 
  • homicide -  88.2% 
  • rape - 98.8%,  
  • property crime - 62.9%.

  •  Violent crime by race arrested:
  • 59.4% white, 38.3% black
For homicide: 49.7% black, 48% white
For rape: 65% white, 32.9% black
For property crime: 68.1% white,  29 5% black

  • However, very often legal system in USA person 
of Hispanic or Latino origin classifies as white.

  • Human Rights Watch documented in the article 
"Incarceration in the United States"
that in prison situation there is "prevalence of black on white sexual 
aggression in prison" such as rape.


  • In 2010, 67.5% homicides involved using the firearms 
(UNODC, July 2012).
  • From 55% in 1985- in 2005 we see 77% of homicide 
increase that happens while commission of felony.  
  • Violent crime against homeless is on the rise.

Year 2005 had reported 30% more of such crimes then 1999, 
and in 75% that crime being committed by perpetrators 
less then 25 years old.

  • And in spite of general decline in number types of crimes, 
US still has one the highest rate of violent crime by comparison 
to the other industrialized nations. Homicide in Us in 2004 was
 6 times of that what's in Germanyand almost 3 times higher then in Canada .


diagram No 2  As of 2001, the chances of going to prison in percentages for various demographic groups in the United States. - The paragraph (in source) reads "In 2001, the chances of going to prison were highest among black males (32.2%)and Hispanic males (17.2%) and lowest among white males (5.9%). The lifetime chances of going to prison among black females (5.6%) were nearly as high as for white males. Hispanic females (2.2%) and white females (0.9%) had much lower chances of going to prison."
Compliments of Wikipedia
HATE CRIMES 
According to Wikipedia in 2011 there were 7,254 hate crimes
Majority times the hate crime is rooted in one of three biases:
-motivated by race, 3,465(47.7%) 
 in that -2,494 (72%) being anti-black,
-sexual prejudice 1,508(20.8%)
  from that against male homosexuality - 871(57.8%),
-religion intolerance
 1,318(18.2%)
 mostly anti-Jewish, 820(62.2%)

INCARCERATION RATE IN USA
IS THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD
(THAT INCLUDES COMBINE TIME SPENT AS DETAINEE AND
THEN AS PRISONER)


File:US States by Incarceration Rate.svg
 A visual representation of states in the United States by the rate of incarceration under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities in 2012. It does not include inmates in jails.
Map No 3
USA has higher  rate of murder, intentional homicide, forcible rape, 
aggrevated assault then UK, Germany or Australia.

In the year 2011 
  • there were 492 people/100,000, that is 1,6 million

in state (1.4 million, from that 725,000 for violent crimes) 
and in federals jurisdiction (215,000) .
  • Almost 1.5 million prisoners were male and 115,000 female.
  • 581,000 were black, 516,000-white

DRUG CRIMES ARE STRONGLY RELATED TO VIOLENCE. 
  • In 2011- 237,000 prisoners incarcerated in state correctional 
institutions  and 95,000 people in federal prisons were for drug crimes.
  • SPEAKING OUT FOR THE VICTIMS US GOVERNMENT DECLARED JANUARY 
NATIONAL SLAVERY AND 
HUMAN TRAFFICKING PREVENTION MONTH! 
DECEMBER 31, 2014 PRESIDENT OBAMA SIGNED
  

Presidential Proclamation -- National Slavery and 

Human Trafficking Prevention Month, 2015

44th PRESIDENT OF USA
BARACK OBAMA
In the Proclamation President reminds us that there 
are 2 million men, women and children
victimized: boys forced to carry firearms, girls beaten 
into prostitution and number of poor 
and disadvantaged migrants work for little or no pay. 
In his humanitarian act he brought
to our attention our forefathers dream of freedom, 
equality and fairness for all.
As Presidential Proclamation said:
"For more than two centuries, the United States has worked to 
advance the cause of freedom. Stained from a history of slavery 
and shaped by ancestors brought to this country in chains, today,
 America shines as a beacon of hope to people everywhere who 
cherish liberty and opportunity. Still, our society remains 
imperfect, and our Nation has more work to do to uphold these values. At home and around the globe, 
we must continue to fight for human dignity and the inalienable rights of every person..."
 THANK YOU PRESIDENT OBAMA!

This week Philadelphia federal court is going to start trial against Mykhaylo and 
Yaroslav Botsvynyuks, charging them specifically with conspiracy to violate the
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, known simply as RICO 
(18 U.S. Code Chapter 96)
Mykhaylo and Yaroslav are two of five Ukrainian brothers - all indicted in 2010 
for human trafficking of over 70 Ukrainian national, mostly very poor and 
uneducated. 
In 2013 these two were extradited from Canada, where they escaped. 
Other two brothers Stepan was sentenced to 20 years in prison and Omelyan 
received a life sentence in 2011 and in 2012. There is only one more brother 
Dimytro Botsvynyuk indicted but remaining a fugitive hiding in the Ukraine.

During their criminal activity in 2000-2007 brothers smuggled mostly on tourist 
visa through Mexican borders naive, unsuspecting victims from Ukraine 
promising well paying jobs. 
In Ukraine there are many poor people, even the one having education do not 
do too well. Many desiring to improve their life and to help their families are 
crossing in numbers European borders, moving to Europe, countries like Poland 
doing all different manual labor and number of women in desperation turning to 
prostitution. With economic pressure and lack of sustenance many fall victims 
to unscrupulous con artist promising well paying $500/per month jobs.
$500 per month for residents in America is poverty level, but in Ukraine equals 
with the good life. As Special FBI Agent Ned Conway who spent years tracking, 
documenting and investigating this situation said:
 “They believed it would be a much better deal than what they had in the Ukraine...
They believed it would be a much better deal than what they had in the Ukraine,”  
As FBI article/news strories said 2015 • January • Human Trafficking Ring Dismantled:

They "slept on dirty mattresses on the floor, and most were never compensated—on the contrary, 
they were told they had to work for the brothers until their debts, ranging from $10,000 to $50,000, 
were paid."

The victims didn't speak English, here in America they did not know their way around, from start 
subjugated by force, beaten, women raped, threaten with harm to their families left behind, feeling 
shame, helplessness and lost worked for 10-12 hours/day cleaning industrial facilities, living 5 to 
room and basically existed feeling trapped, desperate in their enslavement by the brothers.  
Finally some were stopped at the borders, others manage somehow to connect with authorities.
But this is only one of many, many stories of enslavement another human being, trading and 
trafficking in flesh, that FBI search for and bring to justice in USA. 
The FBI uses number of its resources for not just bringing to justice criminals but among other 
things assist the victims.   FBI OFFICE FOR VICTIM ASSISTANCE helps victims
get their lives back on track.

One of the most shattering, horrible and painful is exploitation and victimization of children.  

  • Children death from abuse and neglect:
From all industrialized nation 
-USA has the HIGHEST RATE at  - 2.4 per 100,000
-France - 1.4
-Japan - 1.
-UK - 0.9
-Germany - 0.8
(UNICEF report in  the year 2001)

Inside the country it has been reported by US Department of Health 
the highest children death rate due to abuse is in :
-Texas (4.05/100,000 children)
-New York (2.46)
-Oregon (1.49)
-New Hampshire (o.35)

FBI engage number of investigators, experts, victims specialists, analysts, child professionals, 
provides domestic and international support, training and collaboration to fight range of human 
trafficking issues and children victimization.  

Below  I am bringing information directly quoting FBI 
anti-human trafficking efforts and accomplishments
in the past year of 2014.

Efforts to Stop Human Trafficking
2015 • January • Human Trafficking Ring Dismantled (FBI News)
The Violent Crimes Against Children Section leads 71 Child Exploitation 
Task Forces along with 400 organization across the country especially targeting commercial sex trafficking and victimize children. 
In past year there were convicted over 350 predators in commercial 
sexual exploitation of children resulting from more then 500 
investigations.
As FBI reported:
"... The FBI’s Civil Rights Unit—together with special agents throughout the country—participates in more than 100 
human trafficking task forces and working groups... In the last fiscal year, more than 600 victims of human trafficking 
were identified by the FBI in nearly 400 separate cases.
- In fiscal year 2014, FBI victim specialists provided more than 31,000 direct services—including on-scene response, 
crisis intervention, accompanying victims to interviews, and providing referrals for counseling, medical, legal, and 
financial assistance—to more than 5,00 victims involved in 800 ongoing investigations.."

FINAL REFLECTIONS
Subjects of crime is very important and affecting our lives. 
It's very difficult to govern such multicultural, diversified and great country as US. 
The greatness of the country, democracy, the general possibility of prosperous life 
by comparison to other parts of the world attracts a lot of good, but also brings 
and creates more opportunities for criminal activities. 
In spite of seeing statistical improvements, lowering numerous types of violent crime, 
we are still shamefully behind some other industrial countries in fighting crime. 
Only through collaborative efforts, more education, better, stronger laws and 
improving standard of living of general population we might see a better, safer 
future for our children. Protecting and caring lovingly
for children, and standing for human/civil rights of individual should be 
number one priority. 
                                                                                      
e.d lorens
edlorens.blogspot.com
Ed Lorens YouTube
    THANK YOU.   


                                   

Reference:

http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/press-room
http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/murder-rates-nationally-and-state

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2013 (Published Nov, 2014)
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr
http://www.fbi.gov/e-mail-updates
 http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2013/crime-in-the-u.s.-2013/tables/4tabledatadecover

http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2013/crime-in-the-u.s.-2013/tables/1tabledatadecoverviewpdf/table_1_crime_in_the_united_states_by_volume_and_rate_per_100000_inhabitants_1994-2013.xls
  • Population figures are U.S. Census Bureau provisional estimates as of July 1, 2013. 
  • The crime figures have been adjusted.
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_cities_by_crime_rate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_the_United_States

MAP no 1 :   http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Patel_Wikipedia_Final_copy.pdf
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_the_United_States#cite_note-fbi_2011_hate-26
 MAP no 3 : http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_States_by_Incarceration_Rate.svg#mediaviewer/File:US_States_by_Incarceration_Rate.svg
Spaceboyjosh-own work,  creative common
 Diagram No 2
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4d/Lifetime_prevalence_of_incarceration.png
Wikipedia creative Common
"Lifetime prevalence of incarceration" by Data source: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ascii/piusp01.txt. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lifetime_prevalence_of_incarceration.png#mediaviewer/File:Lifetime_prevalence_of_incarceration.png
                                     Data source: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ascii/piusp01.txt
http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2015/january
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2013/crime-in-the-u.s.-2013/offenses-known-to-law-enforcement/expanded-homicide/expanded_homicide_data_table_14_justifiable_homicide_by_weapon_law_enforcement_2009-2013.xlshttp://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/part-I/chapter-96
press-office/2014/12/31/proclamation-national-slavery-and-human-trafficking-prevention-month-201

All searches were done by using Google Chrome. Thank you.




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